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Kubernetes Architecture

by Editorial Staff

Kubernetes Objects:


  • Namespaces is logically dividing our cluster to deploy resources.
  • Namespaces provide a way to keep your objects organized within the cluster.
  • Every object belongs to a namespace. Namespaces are a way to separate and organize objects in a cluster.
  • When no namespace is specified, the cluster will assume the default namespace
  • Default Namespace: For objects with no namespace mentioned
  • Kube-system: For objects created by the kubernetes system.
  • Each Kubernetes resource can only be in one namespace.

Working with Kubectl:

What is a Kubectl ?

Kubectl is a command line tool that allows you to interact with Kubernetes. Kubectl uses the Kubernetes API to communicate with the cluster.

  1. Imperative.
  2. Declarative

The Kubernetes command-line tool, kubectl, allows you to run commands against Kubernetes clusters. 

You can use kubectl to deploy applications, inspect and manage cluster resources, and view logs.

Monolithic Applications:

Few years back we used to see the majority of the apps getting 404 errors, because if some components are not working, everything also breaks. Because it’s behaving like a single unit, a complete monolithic application.

When we say it’s a monolithic application, it’s a bulky application, in which the frontend, backend middleware and everything will be present in a single/complete unit.

If we want to deploy, we need to deploy the whole component, we can’t deploy individual components.

Micro services Overview:

Micro services are a method, which we design.

 Micro services is a way of architecting, and micro services will be running in containers, and those containers are created by docker, and those containers are orchestrated/managed by a orchestration tool called Kubernetes.

Split the application into a set of smaller, interconnected services.


  • ETCD is a backend data store for the Kubernetes cluster.
  • . ETCD is a distributed, reliable key-value store that is Simple, Secure and Fast.
  • It provides high availability storage for all data relating to the state of the cluster.
  • Consistent and highly-available key value store used as Kubernetes’ backing store for all cluster data.
  • The etc datastore, stores information regarding the cluster such as nodes, pods, config, secrets, accounts, roles, binding etc.
  • Every information we see when we execute kubectl get command is from etcd server.
  • Every change you make to the cluster, such as adding additional nodes, deploying pods, or replicas sets are updated in the etcd server.
  • Only once it is updated in the etcd server the changes are considered to be completed.

Kube controller manager:

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